Alternativas en la monitorización de las demandas físicas en fútbol: pasado, presente y futuro

Julen CASTELLANO PAULIS, David CASAMICHANA GÓMEZ

Resumen


Durante las cuatro últimas décadas se han utilizado numerosas técnicas de registro,
desde las manuales tipo ‘lápiz y papel’ (ahora informatizados) hasta sofi sticados
sistemas (radio o video tracking), con los que monitorizar los desplazamientos
de los jugadores. Como ninguna de las alternativas aglutina un análisis
fi able, preciso, válido, sostenible (práctico y barato), inmediato y contextualizado
al despliegue táctico-estratégico del juego, una combinación de técnicas parece ser
la mejor manera de conocer lo que ocurrió o está ocurriendo durante un partido o
el entrenamiento. Superada la primera fase descriptiva del juego, gracias al cúmulo
de conocimiento y a la utilización de indicadores particulares de rendimiento, se
está cada vez más cerca de conocer (probabilísticamente) lo que ocurrirá. Además,
la incorporación de nuevas variables colectivas y la implementación de técnicas
analíticas capaces de incorporar lo dinámico, son la base de la tendencia que está
tomando el desarrollo de los sistemas de registro y su aplicación en el análisis del
rendimiento en fútbol.

Palabras clave


Fútbol; análisis del movimiento; técnicas de registro; fiabilidad; validez

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